16 April

The morning was beautifully clear and I set out for the summit of  Goulburn range, named Yerrarar, fourteen miles distant from the camp. The  country we rode over was so thinly wooded that the hill was visible  nearly the whole way. The soil was good and firmer than the common  surface of the plains, the basis being evidently different, consisting  rather of trap than of the sandstone so prevalent elsewhere. At exactly  halfway we passed a hill of trap-rock, connected with a low range  extending towards still higher ground nearer Regent’s lake, on the  eastern side. This was the first trap-rock I had seen besides that of the  lake during our whole journey down the Lachlan.

On the summit I found hornstone and granular felspar. The whole of  Goulburn range consisted also of the same rock. It was rather  light-coloured, partially decomposed, and lay in rounded nodules and  boulders which formed however ridges across the slopes of the ground,  tending in general 12 or 14 degrees East of North. The hills were  everywhere rocky, so that the ascent cost us nearly an hour, and we were  forced to lead our horses; but it was well worth the pains for the summit  afforded a very extensive prospect. The most interesting feature in the  country was Regent’s lake which, although fifteen miles distant, seemed  at our feet, reflecting like a mirror the trees on its margin; and on the  other side we looked into the unknown west, where the horizon seemed as  level as the ocean. In vain I examined it with a powerful telescope, in  search of some remote pic; only a level and thinly wooded country  extended beyond the reach even of telescopic vision.    With the spirit-level of my theodolite I found that the most depressed  part extended about due west by compass, a circumstance which first made  me imagine the Lachlan might have some channel in that direction.

Of the Mount Granard range I could see and intersect only that remarkable  cape-like point which was also the high land visible to the westward from  Mount Granard itself, being named Warranary by Barney. Closer to the  summit on which I stood were various ranges besides that of which it was  the highest point, but even this was not, strictly speaking, a range, for  it consisted on the southward of different masses, separated by portions  of low, level country.

I recognised many of my stations, such as Mount Cunningham, Bolloon,  Hurd’s Pic, Mount Granard, etc. and having taken all the angles I could  with the theodolite, and gathered some specimens of a curious new  correa,* and a few bulbs of a pink-coloured amaryllis which grew on the  summit,** we descended and, just as it became quite dark, reached the  camp where I found that the men had arrived with Mr. Stapylton’s light  cart, although his own horse, having strayed at Cordowe, did not  accompany it.

(*Footnote. Resembling C. rupicola of Cunningham, but with larger and  shorter flowers, and differently shaped leaves. Young shoots were covered  with a white down which easily rubbed off. C. leucoclada, Lindley  manuscripts; ramulis albo-tomentosis gracilibus, foliis ovato-oblongis  obtusissimis petiolatis supra glabris scabriusculis subtus tomentosis,  floribus subsessilibus, corolla campanulata quadrifida, calyce cupulari  truncato.)

(**Footnote. Calostemma carneum, Lindley manuscripts; foliis…tubo  perianthii limbo subaequali, corona truncata dentibus sterilibus nullis,  umbellis densis, pedicellis articulatis exterioribus longioribus. Flowers  pink.)