12 April

I sent back three men with two horses to bring on the light cart of Mr.  Stapylton, intending to await its arrival (which I expected would be in  five days) at the end of this day’s journey. It was my object to encamp  as near as possible to Regent’s Lake without diverging from the route  which I wished to follow with the carts, along the bank of the Lachlan.

For this purpose it was desirable to gain a bend of that river at least  as far west as the most western portion of the lake, according to Mr.  Oxley’s survey. This distance we accomplished and more; for we were  obliged to proceed several miles further than I intended, and along the  bank of the river, because no water remained in its bed, until Mr.  Stapylton found a good pond where we encamped after a journey of 16 1/4  miles. Notwithstanding such an alarming want of water in the river, we  saw during this day’s journey abundance in hollows on the surface of the  plains; a circumstance clearly evincing that this river, as Mr. Oxley has  truly stated, is not at all dependent for its supply on the rains falling  here. The deep cracks on the plains, so abundant as to impede the  traveller, seemed capable of absorbing not only the water which falls  upon them, but also any which may descend from the low hills around.  During our day’s journey I found grey porphyry, the base consisting  apparently of granular felspar with embedded crystals of common felspar  and grains of hornblende.